Having trouble getting to sleep, or experiencing tiredness and other forms of daytime distress? If this looks like a day in your life, then chances are you have insomnia. If you have this, please don’t feel alone. This is a common health issue in many countries. In fact in the United States alone, around 30 to 40 percent of the adults have indicated that they have felt the symptoms of this sleeping disorder. And at the same study conducted by the National Center for Sleep Disorders Research, 10 to 15 percent of the adults indicated that they have chronic insomnia.
There are some factors that come into play as to why insomnia and chronic insomnia happens. Health professionals point to stress, depression, other medical illnesses, pain and other disorders as the main culprits. Tiredness and fatigue are just the start. For those who have chronic insomnia, the patients may complain about poor brain function, physical complaints and changes in mood. Though these things are not life threatening, the inconveniences are too much, and these can affect the lifestyle and the quality of life of the person.
But this doesn’t mean that this is the end of the road for insomnia sufferers. There is a way out of this sleeping disorder and persons can get back to their usual ways and get a good night sleep. Treatment options are available, and examples of treatment options that can be selected include cognitive behavioral therapy, the intake of FDA-approved medications and other natural treatment options like change in lifestyle.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or CBT
One popular chronic insomnia treatment option is through the use of cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT. This is considered as a non-medical approach in tackling the sleeping disorder. This treatment option is founded on the belief that the chronic insomnia often happens alongside a number of factors. In this treatment option, the patient will be asked about the sleeping disorder and this is known as the clinical interview. And to effectively treat the disorder, a number of approaches will be considered like sleep restriction, stimulus control and proper sleep hygiene. All these approaches are to be complemented by proper relaxation.
Use of FDA-approved medications
There are a lot of medications that are used and abused by many insomnia patients, and a number of these medications are considered as over-the-counter medications. But not all of these medications are helpful for insomniacs. According to the 2005 NIH conference on the management of insomnia, only the benzodiazepine receptor agonists are considered to be effective and safe against insomnia. The conference also elaborated on the fact that other medications are backed by insufficient evidence when it comes to efficacy and safety.
Use of natural approaches and lifestyle changes
For those who can still sleep and bothered by insomnia in some cases, the issue can be addressed by some lifestyle changes. For example, the person can maintain a regular bedtime and wake time schedule. It is also suggested that the patient should allow the biological clock to promote sleep at the right time and also allow the body to anticipate the body if it’s time to sleep.